Building a Custom Home Step-By-Step
The building process of a custom home, room addition, second story or even a simple renovation can be a daunting process. The complexity of the process can give people significant cause to want to understand what they are getting into before they commit to such an unknown. For example an average home has over 35,000 individual parts, to complete requires between 85 and 120 suppliers and contractors, and usually requires, in some cases, up to 5,000 on-site man-hours to complete construction of a new custom home.
Building a house requires carefully planning, scheduling and coordinating material deliveries and subcontractors. House construction is a step-by-step process, in which each step is dependent upon the prior steps having been correctly completed. A defect at any stage can cause problems with every step that follows.
With all this being said, the simplest way to understand the overall process is to divide the total process into smaller individual parts. In an attempt to break-down the construction process, let us start with the main elements that are linked together in various ways.
During the introductory meeting our goal is to determine the homeowner's ultimate vision for their completed project. We ask detailed questions regarding the project interior finishes, styles of different products and what the overall project architecture will consist of; i.e. Contemporary, Craftsman, Spanish or Tuscan. We will tell you a bit more about us and how we work, discuss the project scope, timing and what the ultimate budget is for the project. If we feel after this get to know you initial meeting that both parties are a good fit, we'll move forward to review the project in greater detail. If the homeowner already has an architect and preliminary building plans, we will complete a full detail project proposal, hard cost or cost plus estimate and detail proposal on the full project scope, finishes, allowance and owner responsibilities. If the homeowner has not yet gotten that far, we can present a full design/build proposal in which we will help design the home or remodel and then build the final permitted plan and make your dreams come true.
If you're not already working with an architect, Precision West Builders will still help you bring your vision to reality. Our experienced architects will help create your new dream home along with you. In either case, our goal is to make certain no detail is left behind, all options are discussed, and the right people are involved. Our goal is to make this a pleasant and enjoyable experience and walk each customer along step by step through the process.
Contracts & Financing
Contract details include:
After contract documents are signed, loans are typically opened, or proof of financing is established. We are familiar with most local banks and mortgage companies and are happy to help make arrangements for your financing needs.
Permits, Scheduling & Purchasing
Land Development/Site Layout
Land surveyors are engaged to layout and locate the corners of the new proposed structure and the house is caulked out and all of the site dimensions are re-confirmed. Once the orientation of the home is confirmed, tractors are brought in and the footings are dug according to the house plans and foundation specifications. All of the underground plumbing lines are installed, covered with plastic and shaded with sand. All of the rebar and concrete forms are installed and sited with laser levels to confirm a flat slab. At this point, a city inspection is necessary for foundation and underground utilities and if necessary, a foundation soils report is completed.
Once the footings and underground utilities inspection is signed off by the city, the concrete for your foundation is poured and all of the required foundation hardware is placed within the slab. The concrete is allowed to cure overnight and the next morning the framing process will begin.
The next step is to install all of the exterior doors & windows and dry the building in by installing waterproof paper on the exterior framing and roof. All of the rough utilities are installed, which includes the electrical, plumbing, mechanical, HVAC, and technical systems. At this time, we schedule a walk-through with the customer to review progress and identify locations of electrical, cable, telephone and unique plumbing applications. Another inspection is scheduled which is referred to as the Rough-All and Exterior.
Insulating/Drywall and Stucco
As the drywall is being completed, the exterior of the building is being lathed or exterior siding is being installed. Lathing the building requires the metal mesh lathing material to be installed along with the exteriors corners which are nailed to the exterior framing of the building. Once complete, a "Lath" inspection is schedule with the city.
Normally the Drywall Nail and Lath are scheduled as .one inspection.
Next comes the "Scratch and Brown" phase where concrete is floated into the stucco lath which creates the exterior stucco shell. After this process, the scratch and brown coat is allowed to cure for up to 25 or so days. The idea is to have the exterior stucco skin fully cure and crack so when the final color coat is applied, the spider cracking will be minimized. Stucco ALWAYS cracks. All precautions are taken, but it is a concrete based product and cracking will occur.
Setting Interior Finish & Cabinets
The home is just about complete. Upon completion of the finishes, we schedule a walk-through to review exterior site work and landscape layout. The landscaping phase involves your driveways, patios, landscape and lawn installation. This is normally completed by a licensed landscaper and we will assist with the coordination and supervision.
Our service isn't complete even though the project is. Precision West Builders remains at your service for additional touch-ups, and follow-up corrections. We'll conduct 30-day and 12-month follow-ups to determine if any additional items need adjustments or fine-tuning, and to verify your complete satisfaction with your new home. Our goal is having a customer for life!
Precision West Builders is a 21st Century General Contractor